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Wednesday, April 22, 2020 | History

3 edition of Epidemiological studies on social and medical conditions of the elderly found in the catalog.

Epidemiological studies on social and medical conditions of the elderly

Alvar Svanborg

Epidemiological studies on social and medical conditions of the elderly

report on a survey

by Alvar Svanborg

  • 165 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization, WHO Publications Centre [distributor] in Copenhagen, Albany, N.Y .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Older people -- Health and hygiene.,
  • Older people -- Social conditions.,
  • Aging.,
  • Epidemiology -- Research.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementAlvar Svanborg, Gunilla Bergström & Dan Mellström.
    SeriesEURO reports and studies ;, 62
    ContributionsBergström, Gunilla., Mellström, Dan., World Health Organization.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA777.6 .S93 1982
    The Physical Object
    Pagination38 p. :
    Number of Pages38
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3109497M
    ISBN 109289012285
    LC Control Number82217007

      The concept that epilepsy is a disease of childhood and adolescence is rooted in pretty common knowledge. Actually it’s not quite right as several epidemiological studies conducted in developed countries have shown that both the incidence and prevalence of epilepsy is higher among the elderly compared to other segments of the population and is growing in Author: E Le Piane. Objective and Intended Population. Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) is a brief (5 minutes) and easily scored survey designed specifically to assess physical activity in epidemiological studies of persons age 65 years and older.. The PASE score combines information on leisure, household and occupational PASE assesses the types of .   Elder abuse, sometimes called elder mistreatment or elder maltreatment, includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, caregiver neglect, and financial exploitation. 1 Available data suggest that 10% of elderly persons in the United States experience abuse. 2,3 In addition, the most recent data from US Adult Protective Services Agencies depict an Cited by:


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Epidemiological studies on social and medical conditions of the elderly by Alvar Svanborg Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Epidemiological studies on social and medical conditions of the elderly: report on a survey. [Alvar Svanborg; Gunilla Bergström; Dan. Like the clinical findings and pathology, the epidemiology of a disease is an integral part of its basic description.

The subject has its special techniques of data collection and interpretation, and its necessary jargon for technical terms. This short book aims to provide an ABC of the epidemiological approach, its terminology, and its methods. Epidemiological Studies on Social and Medical Conditions of the Elderly: Report on a Survey.

EURO Reports and Stud WHO, Copenhagen. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ELDERLY LONG-TERM CARE POPULATION AND ITS SERVICE USE REPORTS AVAILABLE. Epidemiological studies on social and medical conditions of the elderly. Report on a survey. Book: EURO Reports and Studies No pp pp. Summary View help for Summary.

The goals of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (EPESE) project were to describe and identify predictors of mortality, hospitalization, and placement in long-term care facilities and to investigate risk factors for chronic diseases and loss of functioning.

Epidemiological studies of the health of elderly populations are in their infancy and current knowledge is based on a collage of information obtained in diverse ways. Many of the data have been collected in order to assess the needs of the elderly for social support, with information on health status being based on responses to by: 4.

Therefore, country-specific studies of health and social problems in the elderly are needed. Recent studies in India have brought out some of the health and social problems of the aged.

However, some had small sample sizes and were limited to only urban areas,[ 5 – 7 ] while others with larger samples were clinic based.[ 8 ]. A large body of epidemiologic studies undertaken over the past 2 decades has led to a greater understanding of the occurrence, determinants, and consequences of disability in the older population and has provided insights into strategies for the prevention of disability.

Measures of disability were originally developed for use in the Cited by:   Social Conditions and Distress in Elderly Persons: Findings From the MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging SOCIAL conditions, such as an individual's position in different systems of status and hierarchy, have powerful and overarching effects on many aspects of individual experience.

Established populations for the epidemiologic studies Cited by:   The interaction of age, medical conditions, and gender Epidemiological studies on social and medical conditions of the elderly book free-recall and mental status test performance was analyzed in two large survey samples of older adults.

Age, gender, and the presence of medical conditions interacted with recall and mental status in Study 1 (n = 2,) and mental status in Study 2 (n = 6,). For men, those with one Cited by:   The Resource Book of the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly may be obtained from earlier Hispanic EPESE collections (i.e., ICPSR,).

Users of these data should note when doing analyses -- the scales for the following items should be reversed: X5CESD4, X5CESD8, X5CESD12, AND X5CESD A study was conducted on elderly long-term care population characteristics and service use; it focused on functional transitions at advanced ages and the impact of long-term care services on these transitions.

Analysis was done using the and National Long-Term Care Surveys and the Channeling data sets; and a later analysis was done of the National Health. Examples of the latest imaging studies depict the effects of aging on the brain, and new algorithms further streamline decision making.

Expert Consult functionality—new to this edition—further enhances your reference power with convenient online access to the complete text and illustrations from the book. An epidemiological study on insomnia in an elderly Thai population Article in Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet 86(4).

Social epidemiology has been defined as the branch of epidemiology that studies the social distribution and social determinants of health (Berkman and Kawachi ). Objectives: To examine any association between social, productive, and physical activity and 13 year survival in older people.

Design: Prospective cohort study with annual mortality follow up. Activity and other measures were assessed by structured interviews at baseline in the participants' homes Proportional hazards models were used to model survival Cited by: Current statistics for the elderly gives a prelude to a new set of medical, social and economic problems that could arise if a timely initiative in this direction is not taken.

Aims & Objective: To determine the pattern of physical morbidity in rural elderly population and to study health related quality of life and utilization of health Cited by: 8.

Reinhard Fuchs, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition), Overall Mortality.

Epidemiological studies suggest that persons who engage in the recommended amounts of physical activity ( min per week in moderate-intensity activity, 75 min per week in vigorous-intensity activity, or a combination of the two intensities) have overall.

Regular medical exams can detect disease early and given the chance, reverse the disease all together. Early detection and prevention saves lives, especially in the elderly population.

The type of epidemiology used in this paper is descriptive because it describes how heart disease affects the aging population. On the other hand, low levels of exposure to risk factors can also have adverse effects on health. Low serum cholesterol levels (especially low-density lipoprotein) is associated with gallbladder disease (Mohr et al., ), and with liver (Chen et al., ), colon (Cowan et al., ; Lee et al., ; Nomura et al., ), and lung (Isles et al., ) cancer.

While epidemiology is "the study of the distribution and determinants of states of health in populations", social epidemiology is "that branch of epidemiology concerned with the way that social structures, institutions, and relationships influence health." This research includes "both specific features of, and pathways by which, societal conditions affect health".

The combination of three Greek words: epi ("upon"), demos ("people"), and logy ("the study of something") Traditionally it is the study of the distribution of disease and injury inhuman populations; includes the examination of factors that affect health and illness of populations, thus providing the basis for interventions aims at improving the health and well-being of populations.

Data for this project have been gathered since by the Dunedin Program, a population-based geriatric health-screening program. This Program was designed to screen persons 65 years of age or older for a wide variety of medical disorders.

It was situated in Dunedin, Florida, which is on the mid-west Gulf coast. social isolation, bereavement and financial problems. In addition, issues regarding gathering of data about suicide focus on epidemiological studies, the psychological autopsy method, that is interviews with people among the elderly.

Other medical conditions associated with suicide among the sample of the elderly include congestive heart. isolation [i″so-la´shun] 1. the process of separating, or the state of being alone.

the physiologic separation of a part, as by tissue culture or by interposition of inert material. the extraction and purification of a chemical substance of unknown structure from a natural source. the separation of infected individuals from those uninfected. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a brief self-report questionnaire developed in by Laurie Radloff to measure depressive symptoms severity in the general population.

The CES-D consists of 20 questions that asks about various symptoms of depression as they have occurred in the past week, and the majority of the items focus on the.

This is more particularly to the children and the elderly (Lynch & Walsh, ). This paper provides an analysis of Influenza as an infectious disease.

It gives an epidemiological analysis of the disease and derives the impact the respective analysis has had on organizations as well as health providers. The most recent volume in the Drinking Water and Health series contains the results of a two-part study on the toxicity of drinking water contaminants.

The first part examines current practices in risk assessment, identifies new noncancerous toxic responses to chemicals found in drinking water, and discusses the use of pharmacokinetic data to estimate the delivered dose and.

Discusses landmark studies such as (Duke Longitudinal Studies, the Established Populations for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly, Health and Retirement Study, and the National Long Term Care Survey) as well as important programs (Social Security, Meals on Wheels, and Medicaid/Medicare, etc.).

Data on the incidence of dementia among centenarians are sparse. The meta-analysis of population-based studies suggested that the pace of increasing incidence of AD and dementia with age slowed at advanced ages [].This was supported later by two population-based studies of octogenarians and even older adults, which suggested that the incidence of Cited by: studies–11 Furthermore, there are few community surveys on the incidence of falls–16 Most studies on the incidence of falls provide data from intervention pro-grammes,16 focused only on the elderly and not on middle-aged people.

Although several risk factors related to the incidence of falls have been reported,–16Author: Ling Chun Ou, Ling Chun Ou, Ling Chun Ou, Yin Fan Chang, Chin Sung Chang, Ching Ju Chiu, Ting Hsing.

To study life course trajectories and ageing, scientific expertise is needed beyond epidemiology. More specifically, appropriate models of life course require a theoretical micro-foundation, need to incorporate multi-level context conditions and the interplay between them.

It also requires the application of additional social scientific research methods that go beyond Cited by: Social epidemiology is defined as “the branch of epidemiology that studies the social distribution and social determinants of health”; or in other words, “both specific features of, and pathways by which, societal conditions affect health” (Krieger, ).

The roots of social epidemiology go back Emile Durkheim’s work on suicide. INTRODUCTION. Medical anthropology is one of the fastest growing subfields of anthropology, and epidemiology—“the study of the distribution and determinants of disease” ()—is the predominant mode of inquiry in public relationship between medical anthropology and epidemiology is important to contemporary health research because both fields address Cited by: One of William Farr's contributions to public health and epidemiology included the development of a more sophisticated system for codifying medical conditions.

True The episode of influenza first identified in the United States and eventually called H1N1 influenza was classified as a pandemic by WHO in summer Epidemiological Studies The main goal of SEPs is to decrease the incidence of blood-borne diseases such as HIV, HBV, and HCV.

As mentioned previously, SEPs represent a method for achieving this goal by decreasing the circulation of contaminated syringes in and beyond the IDU community. [21]. While the book does not focus on Israel in particular, Cwikel's extensive citations of studies by Israeli scholars—including a large number of Israeli women scholars—has the potential to bring some of the excellent Israeli scholarship in the fields of public health, epidemiology, medical sociology and anthropology, social psychology and.

Demographics And Epidemiological Transition Health And Social Care Essay. Bangladesh is experiencing the third phase in demographic transition that has produced a big number of youthful population and increasing population of older population (Razzaque et al., ).

and conditions more directly associated with mortality. In some settings, mental health disorders may be perceived and understood in non-medical terms, such as bewitchment (Ferreira & Makoni, ). Despite a lack of robust preva-lence data, there are good reasons for assuming that the extent of mental health problems is growing in the South.

Vestibular disorders can also result from or be worsened by genetic or environmental conditions, or occur for unknown reasons. The most commonly diagnosed vestibular disorders include benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis, Ménière’s disease, secondary endolymphatic hydrops, and perilymph fistula.

Among its consequences are reduced life satisfaction and quality, social deprivation, loneliness, increased use of health and home care services, cognitive decline, impairments in activities of daily living, suicide, and increased nonsuicide mortality.

1 Interest in geriatric depression has increased in recent years, and several population Cited by: The Epidemiological Triad The best known, but most dated model of communicable disease is the Epidemiologic Triad (Figure 1).

This model comprises a susceptible host (the person at risk for the disease), a disease agent (the proximate cause), and an environmental context for the interaction between host and agent.from his book Darkness Visible (1, p.

7) DEPRESSION is perhaps the most frequent cause of emotional suffering in later life and significantly decreases quality of life in older adults (2–7). In recent years, the literature on late-life depression has exploded.

Excellent North American epidemiological studies from the.